Publications

FOREWORD

The State of Human Rights in Nigeria 2018 Report is produced pursuant to Section 5(c) of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) Act 1995 (as amended) which obligates the Commission to publish and submit from time to time, to the President, National Assembly, Judiciary, States and Local Governments report on the state of human rights promotion and protection in Nigeria.

This Report is a part of the series produced since 2006 maiden publication. It builds on experience garnered over the years. It is a reflection of pattern and nature of complaints received by the Commission in the Headquarters and State offices within the year under review.

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FOREWORD

The 2018 National Audit Report of Police Detention Centers produced by National Human Rights Commission is the second in the series of this important publication.

Why Should the National Human Rights Care About Detainees?
The National Human Rights Commission Act 1996 (as Amended),Section 6(d) of the Act, states that the Commission has the power to:

''Visit persons, police cells and other places of detention in order to ascertain the conditions thereof and make recommendations to the appropriate authorities''

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FOREWORD

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), pursuant to section 6 (d) of the National Human Rights Common Act 1995 as amended is obligated to visit persons, police cells and other places of detention in order to ascertain the conditions thereof and make recommendations to appropriate authorities. In this regard the 2020 Report of the Audit of Police Detention Centres in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) is meant to assess the level of respect for the fundamental human rights of persons in detention facilities of the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) in the FCT.

This exercise is further necessitated by the fact that Nigeria is a party to all major international and regional human rights instruments including but not limited to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the Convention against Torture, Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) and the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights (ACHPR). Furthermore, the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 as (amended) and the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules on Treatment of Prisoners set bench marks for the treatment of suspects and persons in detention.

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1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.1 Following the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, Governments across the globe embarked on measures to safeguard the lives and health of their citizens. Some of the measures adopted were to lockdown areas or states with prevalence of Covid-19 transmissions, shut down borders, close down schools, cancel or postpone sporting activities, travels, etc. to avoid community or social spread of the virus.

1.2 In Nigeria, the Federal and State Governments took proactive steps by declaring the Covid-19 virus as an infectious disease and issued Regulations in line with the Quarantine and Public Health Act and Laws in order to safeguard lives and public health. By the Regulations, President Muhammadu Buhari, GCFR imposed a mandatory lockdown of FCT, Abuja, Lagos and Ogun States and ordered citizens to stay at home for an initial period of 14 days to enable the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) to trace, contact, test, isolate and treat persons who may have been exposed or contracted the virus. These measures were also replicated by some State Governors in their respective states.

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